Magento eCommerce Architecture: The Ultimate Guide

Magento is a popular eCommerce platform that caters to businesses of all types and sizes. It was built from scratch to be expandable, flexible, and create compelling shopping experiences. The current Magento eCommerce Architecture developed on innovative technologies that provides easy integration and enhancement using extensions and modules.


The integration of third-party solutions with Magento, allowing the cost-effective site development in response to rapidly changing technologies and user preferences.


Using this architecture, Magento covers these 3 basic principles that are a necessity for Magento eCommerce development


  • Flexibility: Magento’s coding provides seamless customization choices. 
  • Easily Upgradeable: You can transform Magento easily without compromising its upgradeability by splitting the basic code from the Magento community.
  • Security and Speed: The developers’ coding standards adhere to best practices to boost store efficacy and achieve a secure online business. 

MVC-Based Magento eCommerce Architecture 


Magento’s architecture is based on the popular MVC (Model, View, and Controller) model. It does, however, have certain additional features that assist in powerful web development. 


MVC, or Model, View, and Controller is an eCommerce framework that consists of several components. It helps in the division of codes and makes software configuration management straightforward.


Previously, the traditional MVC would ask the controller for help, and the controller would use the models to process the data and display it to the user. It also required another request, which would be repeated.


However, recent eCommerce website design trends have prompted Magento to add a slew of new sub-blocks to the framework. It allows you to:


  • Manage a large eCommerce system with multiple sites from a single dashboard. 
  • The classification of Views of the MVC occurs in three layers. Model is categorized into 2. Furthermore, the controllers are unique to each module.  
  • You can see Views into three segments in this diagram. The eCommerce store templates are little more than HTML codes that print data and perform simple loops. It is how views appear. Then there are the blocks, which are a new idea to the MVC. This reduces the load on the central controller. 
  • As a result, Views receive greater help from controllers in processing data from Models. These blocks include the functions and data necessary for the website’s header, root,  navigation section, content, and footer to work.
MVC based eCommerce architecture
Source: MageStore

Now it’s time to consider the importance of a central controller. You might wonder why this is necessary given that each view has the controllers that connect it to helpers and models. This is where the layout emerges.


 Role of Layouts:

Layouts are the name of a centralized controller. The layout is what determines which sub-controllers and templates are in use. Both the helpers and central controller together provide services in email. Thus, it only gives a means of determining which block is super and which of them are nested.

Magento eCommerce architecture layout
Source: MageStore

Finally, Models serve as services for various businesses’ data processing and calculations, whilst Collections serve as data retrieval operations.


Microservices Magento eCommerce Architecture 


It is simple for eCommerce enterprises to improve customer experience because there are several third-party solutions available. When designing Magento sites, the developer has access to a microservices-based strategy. It comprises the building of a website by grouping multiple services that are less reliant on one another.


 Microservices eCommerce architecture
Source: Commerce DevDocs

The advantages it offers include:


— The failure of one module will not have an impact on the entire system.


— Flexibility in terms of selecting modern tools and technologies


— Quick deployment is possible


Any component can be scaled up without influencing others


Core Magento Components For eCommerce


Language Packages


The Magento components, which include modules and themes, are referred to as the package. Magento’s language packages include translation dictionaries. The translation of any Magento software is possible with it. There are also one or more translation files included in this bundle.

Module and Extension


Magento is a platform that millions of businesses use across the world to create websites utilizing a series of components. Extensibility has always been one of its key focuses. Businesses can use it to expand their eCommerce store features using third-party modules. 


Important tasks like shipping, for example, are independent modules. As a result, you can simply add or remove by simply replacing or adding modules. The store’s product architecture provides logic to handle routing and other functions. Its core logic includes libraries, PHP codes, base concepts that are the necessity of modules, and other components. 




Magento also includes layout and theme capabilities, which enable the company to provide exceptional shopping experiences. Businesses can use the default theme or purchase a premium theme from the Magento marketplace to modify their websites.


Additionally, you can easily tweak and adjust the themes to support your site during the Christmas season or expand it to markets with different currencies or languages.


Its features include:


  • UI Library : It involves a comprehensive range of UI components that are reusable utilizing Magento developers’ best practices. Additionally, it provides a single point of configuration for website modification and styling.


  • Default Responsive Theme: It includes a responsive default theme. Building client online experiences should be the priority for firms. While it does not allow for precise customizations, businesses can pick how much marketing they want to include, realizing that they are creating a structure that will support various devices.

Easy Magento eCommerce Development 


Open-Source Development: Magento is written in PHP language. It lets the coding with quick editing, saving, and testing. Furthermore, with full access to the Magento codebase, you can easily see how Magento functions. 


Compatibility: Magento makes upgrading between versions a simple and cost-effective process. Also, the extensions should be as compatible as possible. Using the compatible versions, you can introduce new extensions or enhancements to existing components. As a result, the compatibility issue with upgrades is no longer an issue.


Magento Ecosystem Overview


A large and active group of businesses, developers, and hosting providers supports the Magento platform. These experts may provide retailers with skills and expertise in customizing websites, scalability, and business growth.


Magento Marketplace: It is a platform that allows businesses to acquire Magento extensions for their websites. Also, you can hire the dedicated Magento developers who can discover business requirements and create new extensions, connectors, or themes to meet them. The Magento platform is still being developed by the development team with the addition of new features and released every day for the community and merchants.


Community: The best thing about Magento is that the new advancements not only remain to the development team. Its open nature enables new ideas to explore, thoughts to share with other community members, and so on. 


Summing Up


Designing an excellent website necessitates not just the right architecture, but also implementing the latest eCommerce website design trends. Having the correct eCommerce architecture, strategies, and technologies in place leads to improved performance and more consumer value. Also, it will improve the site’s visibility for search engines that handle web searches and help businesses rank higher on the SERPs.


All in all, the Magento platform helps to boost the businesses and make them keep pace with the technological changes and customer expectations.